CORONAVIRUS 2019 (COVID-19)

CORONAVIRUS 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses (Covid-19) are a large family of viruses that cause illness vacillating from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). please check on our travel News

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has been previously identified in humans as well. Coronaviruses are zoonotic meaning they are transmitted between animals and people and detailed investigations found out that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. 

The 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus). First identified in Wuhan, Hubei, and China in December 2019, the outbreak was recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. 

On17 March 2020, more than 198,000 cases of COVID-19 were reported in over 160 countries and territories with major outbreaks in mainland China, Europe, Iran, and South Korea. More than 7,900 people have died and over 82,000 have recovered. On 13 March, the WHO announced that Europe has become the new epicenter of the pandemic.

The virus is primarily spread between people similar to influenza via respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing and it is considered most contagious when people are symptomatic, although transmission may be possible before symptoms appear. The time between exposure and symptom onset is typically 5days but may range from 2-14days. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory syndrome. Currently, there is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment. Efforts consist of symptom alleviation and supportive therapy.

 Causes

It’s unclear exactly how contagious the new coronavirus is. It appears to be spreading from person to person among those in close contact. It may be spread by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes

Treatment

Currently, no antiviral medication is recommended to treat COVID-19. Treatment is directed at relieving symptoms and may include:

Pain relievers

Cough syrup or medication

Fluid intake

Rest

Common signs and symptoms

CORONAVIRUS  2019 (COVID-19)

The severity of COVID-19 symptoms can range from very mild to severe. People who are older or have existing medical conditions, such as heart disease, may be at higher risk of serious illness. This is similar to what is seen with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza

Respiratory symptoms

Fever

Cough

Shortness of breath

Breathing difficulties

 Risk factors for COVID-19 appear to include the following;

Recent travel from or residence in an area with the ongoing spread of COVID-19 as determined by CDC or WHO

 Close contact with someone who has COVID-19 such as when a family member or health care worker takes care of an infected person

If you develop symptoms of COVID-19, you are advised to contact your doctor and tell him/her about any recent travels especially International travel and also let the doctor know if you have had close contact with anyone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19.

The doctor may take samples including a sample of saliva (sputum), a nasal swab and a throat swab to send for testing.

Recommended preventive measures

Hand washing

 Covering the mouth when coughing

Keeping distance from other people particularly those that are unwell

Monitoring

Self-isolation for 14days for people who suspect they are infected

Travel restrictions

Quarantines

Curfew measures in China and South Korea

Post ponding different events

Cancellations especially to people who tend to travel to different regions around the world

Facility closures

Screening at entry points especially International airports and borders as well as train stations

Stay home from work, school, and public areas if you’re sick

Things to avoid

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that you avoid eating raw or undercooked meat and other animal organs.

Avoid contact with live animals and surfaces as they may have been touched if you’re visiting live markets in areas that have recently had new coronavirus cases.

CORONAVIRUS 2019 (COVID-19) Effects

Cancellation of public events like sports and cultural festivals

Suspension of in-person religious services

Xenophobia and racism especially against the Chinese, East and South East Asia community

Online misinformation and conspiracy theories about the virus

Travel

If you’re planning to travel internationally, first check the CDC and WHO websites for updates and advice. Also, look for any health advisories that may be in the place where you plan to travel. You may also want to talk with your doctor if you have health conditions that make you more susceptible to respiratory infections and complications.

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